The intent of this post is to offer a guide to non-Singlish speaking people to perhaps better understand what is going on around them :p
It should be noted, that I consider Singlish to be a part of the essence of Singapore and it's culture! Before I begin with the background and 'common' Singlish terms and their meanings, the following video is quite entertaining and offers some examples of usage of some of the most popular terms - "WHY WE TALK LIKE THAT"
I have tried to remove any of the 'vulgar' or swear words from this text - I apologise for anything I've missed, or if it offends any people - this is not my intent lah!
Singlish is the English-based creole spoken and written colloquially in Singapore. Although English is the lexifier language, Singlish has its unique slang and syntax, which are more pronounced in informal speech.
Singlish vocabulary formally takes after British English (in terms of spelling and abbreviations), although naming conventions are in a mix of American and British ones (with American ones on the rise). For instance, local media have "sports pages" (sport in British English) and "soccer coverage" (the use of the word "soccer" is not common in British media). Singlish also uses many words borrowed from Hokkien, the Chinese dialect native to more than 75% of the Chinese in Singapore, and from Malay. In many cases, English words take on the meaning of their Chinese counterparts, resulting in a shift in meaning. This is most obvious in such cases as "borrow"/"lend", which are functionally equivalent in Singlish and mapped to the same Mandarin word, "借" (jiè), which can mean to lend or to borrow. For example: "Oi, can I lend your calculator?" / "Can lend me your calculator?" This is technically incorrect in standard English but is widely used in Singlish.
A list of Singlish terms and expressions widely used in Singapore is set out below. It is not exhaustive and is meant to provide some representative examples of Singlish usage in Singapore. The origins of the Singlish terms are indicated where possible, and literal translations are provided where necessary.
4D Local 4 digit lottery game run by Singapore Pools
5Cs The 5 C's of Singapore, namely Cash, Car, Credit card, Condominium, (Country) Club
Berak Malay. To make a bowel movement.
Blur English. Clueless. In a daze. Unaware of what is going on.
Bodoh Malay. Stupid, ignorant.
Boh lang ai Hokkien. Lit. "nobody wants (you)". Useless.
Boh liao Hokkien. Nothing better to do. Mandarin: "wu liao" "He do lidat, so boh liao!"
Boleh Malay. Can, possible.
Bo ji Hokkien. No balls.
Chao Hokkien. When talking about scent/smell, it means it's smelly. Also can be used when someone plays dirty (jiak chao) in a game."That guy play basketball very chao leh!
- Chao Keng Hokkien. Pretending to be sick or injured. Sometimes shortened to just keng.
- Chao mao Chinese. Copycat. From the Chinese word 抄猫.
- Cheena Peranakan. A crude term used to describe a Chinese national, a 'foreign talent' with implied attributes of portunism, rudeness and boorishness. Usually used to label Chinese emigrants who arrive in Singapore to seek fortune. Nowadays also used by the younger Singaporean Chinese to describe recent migrants from mainland China. Also describes someone who displays strong Chinese cultural flavours.
- Cher Singlish. Not to be confused for the American singer Cher. This term is a short way of addressing 'teacher'.
- Chikopeh Hokkien Pervert.
- Chin cai lah! In answer to a query: "I have no preference; it's up to you, don't bother me!"
- Chiobu Hokkien. Good-looking female. Similar to use of "hot chick" in America.
- Chiong sua Hokkien. Gung ho. Lit. "to charge up a hill". In National Service/ military context the literal meaning may be used.
Chop Stamp, seal. From Malay cap, which is from Hindi छाप ćhāp (stamp). "Make sure your passport got chop ar!"
- Chop Chop Do it Fast, don't waste time... For Example, "chop chop finish the work lah.. don't waste time lah."
- Chope Reserve a seat. Derived from chop; to leave a mark. Singaporeans have a habit of leaving objects on seats/ tables to reserve places. "Don't take this seat, I choped it already."
- Confirm plus Chop Shortened from "confirm plus guarantee got chop" To mean that you are extremely sure of something (derives from National Service/ military situations where one needs to be absolutely sure about something; guarantee got chop denotes that the paperwork will be approved)
A: "You sure next week sargent giving us leave?" (Are you sure our sergeant is granting the platoon a day off next week?)
B: "Confirm plus guarantee got chop." (The sergeant would have to get approval to grant the entire platoon a day off)
Da bao (or Ta Pau) (from Cantonese 打包) To take away food.
E.g. "One nasi lemak. Da bao."
- Dey! Indian. "Hey!"
- Double confirm Confirm and reconfirm. Used to emphasis the confirmation.
- Dulan Hokkien. Pissed. Literally to have oneself's testicles poked.
- Eye-power Refers to someone who sits back and watches others do the work. The comic book character "Cyclops" of the X-Men is sometimes used to describe someone who uses eye-power all the time. "Whao, we do all the work, you sit there do nothing, your eye-power very good hor?"
- Encik Teacher. Also a term for Company Sergeant Major in military usage. Malay origin (Malay: Uncle)
- Gahmen Deliberate mispronunciation of the word "government". Used as a substitute for the actual word especially when criticising the government in written form to prevent possible sanctions against the author.
- Garang Malay. Gung-ho. Lit. "fierce"
- Gone-case English. Presumed to originate from the term "I'm a goner." To mean that your doom has been confirmed. Wah lau, the exam so difficult, I gone-case liao ar
- Goondu Tamil Idiot, simpleton.
- Gostan Pidgin English. Go backwards / Reverse. This actually originates from the nautical phrase "go astern".
- GGXX Adapated from arcade games, where during the end of a sparring game, the words 'GGXX', meaning 'good game' and 'game over', will be displayed prominently on the screen. It is frequently used in its short form 'GG', both forms of which means that you are doomed (i.e. game over). Rumour has it that the XX stems from the practice of a 'redouble' in contract bridge convention. If you continue like this and don't study, your exam sure ggxx liao.
- Hao Lian Hokkien. To boast
- Heng Hokkien. Lucky, fortunate.
- Hoot Hokkien. To beat (somebody) up. Let's go hoot him up! He stared at me for very long time.
- Hosei liao Hokkien. Very good! Excellent! Mostly used in a sarcastic manner: You never study still want to do exam? Hosei liao!
- Hosei bo? Hokkien. How are you doing? (Greeting)
- Huat Hot
- Jiak chao Hokkien. A low tone means to play dirty, lit. "to eat dirt"; a high tone means refers to a skiver, or the act of skiving, lit. "to eat grass".
- Jiak zhua Hokkien. Refers to a skiver, or the act of skiving. Lit. "to eat snake".
- Jia Lat Hokkien. Oh dear! Lit. "sapping strength". Used to describe a terrible situation. "Ah! You broke your leg!? Jia lat ah! How you play soccer later?"
- Jilo Deliberate mispronunciation of the number "zero".
- Jing Gang Used to refer to a group of idling individuals. Eh, I want the whole jing gang to fall in in the parade square in 2 minutes' time.
- Kampung Malay. Village. "I was born in a kampung ... somewhere in Novena"
- Kaopeh kaobu Hokkien. (哭父苦母) Complain too much. Commonly abbreviated as "KPKB". Literally "cry for your parents".
- Kay poh (or Kaypo) Chinese origins (written as 雞婆 in Chinese) . Refers to a person that is nosey parker or busybody. Eg 'Eh, Don't be so kaypoh leh!'. Sometimes abbreviated as "KPO".
- Kee Siao Hokkien. To go mad. Often used to scold people. "You kee siao or what? Go complain to teacher for what? Think i scared of you issit?"
- Kena to be afflicted with, to suffer (from) (Malay passive auxiliary)
- Kenasai! / kanasai! Exclamation of anger to show your frustration at something that is not done satisfactorily. "Kanasai! How come today test so hard arh? Gone case liao lah!"
- Kilat excellent - army term referring to someone who shines his boots well. See also "solid"
- Ki Chia (literally "Up the Car") Used to describe something very bad. Eg 'My exam ki chia liao.' Possibly derived from the action of an injured person being lifted into an ambulance. Another term used is "Up Lorry".
- Kiah su / kiasu (literally "scared to lose/of loss") somebody who fears losing out (from Hokkien 惊输)
- Kiah si / kiasi (literally "scared to die/of death") somebody who fears losing out (from Hokkien 惊死)
- Kiam Hokkien (咸) lit "salty" Stingy.
- Kiam Pah Hokkien (欠打) Deserve a beating.
- Kope (copy) to take without permission. "eh, don't kope my homework leh"
- Kopi "Malay" Coffee
- Kuku stupid/silly; unfashionable; crazy
- Kuku house asylum (kuku here refers to crazy)
- Lam pah pronounced LUM PAR Hokkien. Packet of the balls. Also used as a vulgarity to show exclamation, "Lampah! Who said you can do this?"
- Lap sap bar/KTV Cantonese + English Used to refer to those sleazy establishments where girls would do "unclean" stuff to customers. Lap sap literally means "garbage".
- Lan jiao Hokkien. Penis.
- Lim peh Hokkien. Used when demonstrating authority, usually in a sneering manner. Lit. "your father".
- Lim bu An offshoot from the term Lim peh, used perhaps as a demonstration of feminist power, as opposed to patriachy in the term 'lim peh'. Lit. "your mother"
- Luan hoot! Hokkien. To bark up the wrong tree; to cast a wide net hoping to catch something. Lit. "randomly hit".
- Leh Most basic and famous of Singlish expressions. Similar to Lah, depend on the situation to use. Usually it trying to put across the meaning "Don't make thing difficult or Don't you understand?!?!?!" What it's trying to emphasize is determine by the tone. Ex: "Dun be angry leh / I didn't do it on purpose de leh". or "I told you I dunno how to do it liao leh"
- Leh Chey Tedious
- Liao Most basic and famous of Singlish expressions. Means "already". From Chinese "了". Ex: "Lai liao, Lai liao!!" Lai is "Come" in Chinese, so "Lai liao" means "Come already"/ "I am coming"/ "(someone) has come". Liao can also be used with Leh or Lah. "I told you he came liao leh!/I told you he came liao lah!"
- Mah / Ma *Most basic and famous of Singlish expressions. Tagged as a question. From Chinese "吗". "Can he do it mah/ma? / He come liao ma/mah?"
- Mah-cham Malay. As if; to resemble something in a certain way.
- Mai siao lah! Hokkien. Don't be crazy!
- Makan Malay. To eat.
- Mangali / Mankali A corruption of "Bengali". A crude way to refer to ethnic Indians.
- Masak-Masak A child's game. Malay origin.
- Mata Malay. Police. Sometimes used as a quick warning that the police are here. Lit. "eye".
- Mati Malay. To die, to be doomed.
- Merepek Malay, Nonsense, Rubbish
- Merlion (verb) To vomit, especially after drinking. Also used in the Navy to describe sailors vomiting due to seasickness. A reference to the famous Merlion statues
- More better The incorrect, but frequently used expression of the word "better"
- Mong xing xing / Mong cha cha Cantonese. To be generally unalert, aware, in a daze, or "blur"; "don't know what happen".
(1)You always mong xing xing, later za boa take away all your money then you know.
(2)He always Mong cha cha since his girl friend left him last year.
Ngeow Hokkien. Someone who is overly meticulous, nit-picky or tries to find fault. Lit. "cat".
Orbi / Orbi quek / Orbi good 'Another term for "Serves you right."'
- Orbit / Obiang 'Someone or something that is gaudy or overly flamboyant in taste.'
- ORD loh! ORD (Operationally Ready Date) is the date on which a National Serviceman completes his 2-year military service. A favourite exultation of those nearing their ORD. Sometimes, ORD is also used as a verb. "I am going to ORD soon!"
- Orredy Sloppy pronunciation of "already". "You finish homework orredy or not hah?"
- OTOT 'own time/ own target. Meaning "to act on your own initiative." or in the context of training in sports etc, "to do it at your own pace and abilities"' Of army origins, during shooting practice, before shots are fired at the range, the commander will usually give the order "Firers, own time own target, carry on". Evolved to the bastardised Singlish version "Own time, own target, carry on!"
- Pasar Malam Malay Night Market. "The food over at those pasar malam markets are very much better I think"
- Pak Toh Cantonese 拍拖. To flirt
- Photostat photocopy (reference to old photostat)
- Pia(h) / Bia(h) to rush or charge; to work hard at something. "I need to pia for my exam sia" or "I want to pia taxi home"
- Pok Kai Cantonese to go bankrupt or lose money
Return back To give back. Direct translation from the Chinese phrase.
- Sakar Malay. To flatter, to lick one's boots. Derived from Malay meaning 'sugar', which may have been derived from Hindi 'sakar' or 'Sakkar' meaning 'sugar' and 'sweet words', and ultimately from Persian 'shakar' meaning 'sugar', 'sweet'.
- Sekali Malay. Pronounced SCAR-ly. Lest, what if. "Sekali no way to go out, then how?"
- Shiok Punjabi. Great! An expression of satisfaction. Originally "shauk" in Punjabi.
- Sia An exclamation "Wah! He pro sia!"
- Siam Hokkien. Get out of the way! Considered rude but effective.
- Sian Hokkien. Bored, tired, or sick of something. "I am so sian! Nothing to do, man!"
- Siao / Xiao Hokkien. Refers to either "crazy" in response to: "You wan to go the haunted hospital tonight anot?" "Siao ah you?" or an offensive term used to address a friend: "Xiao eh! wan to go clubbing tonight anot?" (Not considered offensive if used between close friends.)
- Song Hokkien. (爽) Used to express pleasure. "After the bath, I feel very song!" Lit. "feels good".
- Sotong Malay. Forgetful or not knowing what is going on. Lit. "squid".
- Suaku Hokkien. (山龜) Not well informed or backward; a country bumpkin. Lit. "mountain tortoise".
- Suay Hokkien. Unlucky.
- Sup sup sui Cantonese. Something that is insignificant or easy to do. Lit. "a little drop of water".
- Seh Malay. an exlamation "wah pro seh!"
- Tai ko (also spelled "tyco") Hokkien Lucky (only used sacarstically). Literally "leper"
- Talk cock / tok kok Talking nonsense / senselessly. Probably originated from the English expression "cock and bull story". "Don't tok kok lah! Where got like that one?"
- Tangi Funeral.
- Thiam/Diam Hokkien. A very rude way of saying "shut up!" "Oi! Thiam lah! I'm trying to study!"
- Toot Stupid / silly. "He wear like that look very toot hor?"
- Tombalek Malay Opposite / Upside-down / Inside-out. "Did you see that? He wear his shirt tombalek leh!"
- Tua pai Hokkien. A big shot; someone of a high status. "You think you got money damn tua pai is it?"
- Tu Tu Train Train; toot-toot train. Boy ah, u go onto the tu tu train, mummy take nice picture of you, you must smile sui sui ok?''
- Ulu Malay. Used to describe a rural or remote area. Commonly found in road names around Singapore as well.
- Uncle Used as a generic title for males who are middle-aged or older, especially those who are not well acquainted. "Uncle! One teh-C and one milo-peng!" Similarly to auntie, used by young children to denote respect for a male adult.
- Also used to describe a younger person who behaves/dresses in an uncool/unfashionable manner. (See Auntie)
- Wah lao! / Wah piang! / Wah seh! / Wah kao! Hokkien. Exclamation of shock. "Wah piang! Why he so bad one!"
- Womit Bad pronunciation of "vomit" "Ee! He going to womit already liao!"
- Your head Mild curse used to disabuse someone of his or her erroneous assumption. "He get first in class? Your head lah!"
- Yandao A handsome male, see Chio Bu (female version)
zheng ah (cantonese)means "good" or "great". you are so "zheng ah". you are so good or great.FOOD AND BEVERAGES
Singlish is prominently used in local coffee shops, or kopitiams (the word is obtained by combining the Malay word for coffee and the Hokkien word for shop), and other eateries. Local names of many food and drink items consist of words from different languages and are indicative of the multi-racial society in Singapore. For example, teh is the Malay word for tea which itself originated from Hokkien, peng is the Hokkien word for ice, kosong is the Malay word for zero to indicate no sugar, and C refers to Carnation, a brand of evaporated milk.
NOTE: Hokkien is NOT Singlish. Only local dishes which have no other English terms would then be considered Singlish. However, drinks in local coffeeshops have slowly evolved into their own Singlish jargon, in a mix of Malay, Hokkien and English - which would be considered Singlish in this context. (Please see section on Drinks)
FOODNames of common local dishes in Singapore hawker centres are usually referred to in local dialect or language. However, as there are no English words for certain food items, the dialect terms used for them have slowly evolved into part of the Singlish vocabulary. Ordering in Singlish is widely understood by the hawkers. Some examples of food items which have become part of Singlish:
Chze Char (Hokkien) Literally means cook and fry. General term for food served by mini restaurants in local hawker stalls serving restaurant style Chinese dishes, like fried noodles, sweet and sour porked, claypot tofu etc.
- Char Kway Teow (Hokkien) Fried flat rice noodles with bean sprouts, Chinese sausages, eggs and cockles, in black sweet sauce, with or without chilli.
- Chwee Kuay (Hokkien) cup shaped steamed rice flour cakes topped with preserved vegetables (usually radish) and served with or without chilli
- Ice Kachang Crushed ice with flavoured liquids poured into them. Beans and jelly are usually added as well.
- Kaya (Malay) Local jam mixture made of coconut, sugar and egg of Straits Chinese origins
- Kaya-roti (Malay) Toasted bread with Kaya
- Mee Goreng (Chinese/Malay) Malay fried noodles
- Otah (Malay) Fish paste wrapped in banana leaf or coconut leaves and cooked over a charcoal fire. South East Asian influence - you can find similar versions in Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia
- Popiah (Hokkien) Chinese spring rolls (non fried). Various condiments and vegetables wrapped in a flour skin with sweet flour sauce. Condiments can be varied, but the common ones include turnip, bamboo shoots, lettuce, Chinese sausage, prawns, bean sprouts, garlic and peanut. Origins from China. Hokkien and Straits Chinese (Nonya) popiah are the main versions.
- Rojak (Malay) local salad of Malay origins. Mixture of sliced cucumber, pineapple, turnip, dried beancurd, Chinese doughsticks, bean sprouts with prawn paste, sugar, lotus buds and assam (tamarind).
- Roti John (Malay/English) Indian version of western hamburger comprising of 2 halves of French loaves fried with egg and minced beef/mutton. Colonial origins.
Types of tea
Teh (Hokkien/Malay) Tea
- Teh-O (Hokkien) Tea without milk but instead with sugar.
- Teh-O-ice-limau (Hokkien-English-Malay) Home brewed iced lemon tea
- Teh-C (Hokkien/Malay-Roman alphabet) Tea with evaporated milk. The C refers to the Carnation brand of evaporated milk.
- Teh-cino Tea version of cappuccino
- Teh-Peng (Hokkien) Tea with ice.
- Teh-Poh Weak or thin tea.
- Teh-kah-dai Tea with more sugar and milk.
- Teh-siu-dai Tea with less sugar and milk.
- Teh-O-kah-dai Tea with more sugar.
- Teh-O-siu-dai Tea with less sugar
- Teh-C-kah-dai Tea with more milk.
- Teh-C-siu-dai Tea with less milk.
- "Teh-packet" or "Teh-pao" Tea to go.
- Teh-Tarik 'Pulled' tea with milk, a Malay specialty.
Types of coffeeKopi (Hokkien) Coffee
- Kopi-O Coffee without milk
- Kopi-C Coffee with evaporated milk. The C refers to the Carnation brand of evaporated milk.
- Kopi-Peng (Hokkien) Coffee with ice.
- Kopi-packet or Kopi-pao Coffee to go.
- Kopi-gao Thick coffee.
- Kopi-poh Weak or thin coffee.
- Kopi-kah-dai Coffee with more sugar.
- Kopi-siu-dai Coffee with less sugar.
Bandung (Malay) Rose syrup-milk drink, of Indian origins. (Goat's milk was used in the old days)
- Ice kosong (English-Malay) Iced water
- Horlick-dinosaur Iced Horlicks with extra scoop of Horlicks powder on top
- Horlick-sio Hot Horlicks
- Horlick-peng Iced Horlicks
- Milo-sio Hot Milo.
Milo-dinosaur Iced Milo with extra scoop of undissolved Milo powder on top
- Milo-Peng Iced Milo
- Tak Kiu (Hokkien; literally means football or soccer) Milo; Nestlé Milo often uses soccer and other sports as the theme of its advertisement.
- Tak Kiu-Peng Iced Milo
- Tiau Herr (Hokkien; literally means fishing). Tea with the tea bag. Reference to dipping of tea bag.
ENGLISH WORDS WITH DIFFERENT MEANINGS IN SINGLISH
- follow - to come along/accompany - "Can I follow?"
- expressway - a motorway - I was driving on the Pan-Island Expressway.
- having here - to eat in at a restaurant. The antonym is "take away" or "tah-bao".
- help, lah - please, do lend me a hand by desisting from whatever it is you are doing; help me out here - "Help lah, stop hitting on my sister"
- last time - previously, in the past - "Last time I would want to go down to Africa, but I don't know about now."
- mug - to study - Derived from British 'mug up'. Common expression amongst all students. Instead of 'He's mugging up...', locally used as 'He's mugging for...'.
- marketing - going to the market or shops to buy food - Rare expression."My dad may help in the marketing side, by going to the market to get some things."
- next time - in the future - "Next time when you get married, you'll know how to cook."
- on, off - to switch on/off - "I on the TV"
- on ah - It's settled then?
- open - to turn on a light - "I open the light." (Derived from Chinese, which uses the verb "to open" in this manner. Use of "open" to mean "turn on" is limited specifically to lamps or lights.)
- pass up - to hand in - "Pass up your assignments". Although once common, usage is now discouraged in schools.
- revert - to get back (commonly used in business emails) - "I'll revert to you by tomorrow"
- send - to take (i.e. drive) somebody somewhere - "She gets her maid to send the boy in a cab."
- solid/steady - capable; excellent - "Solid sia, that movie." See also "Kilat"
- sabo - to play a trick on someone. Short for "sabotage", but with an everyday usage. - "Because he sabo me, now boss mad at me!"
- stay - to live (in a place). From Malay "tinggal". - "My grandmother, my aunt and uncle also stay next door."
- steady - attached (in relationships) OR agreeing over something, usually over an appointment - "Eh u two steady liao ah?", "Today, come 3 o'clock? Steady."
- cool, capable (to praise integrity or strength) - "Wa you sick also turn up for work? Steady!"
- stone - to space out; to do nothing
- take - to eat; to have a meal - "Have you taken your lunch? I don't take pork."
- tok kok - (talk cock) - Probably from the English "cock and bull story". Talking senselessly/rubbish; "Don't tok kok lah!"
- Blur like sotong - literally blur like a squid. To be extremely clueless. Squids squirt ink as a self-defence mechanism to get away. The ink makes it hard to see, thus "blur". - "Wah! You damn blur leh! Liddat also dunno!"
- Don't fly my kite/aeroplane - Rare expression. A Singlish expression which means 'Please do not go back on your word' or 'Please do not stand me up'
- Don't play play! - Uncommon expression, popularised by the local comedy series Phua Chu Kang Pte Ltd. Used only to evoke humour. Means 'Don't fool around' or 'Better take things seriously'
- Got problem is it? - an aggressive, instigatory challenge. Or an expression of annoyance when someone is disturbed. 'Do you have a problem?'
- He still small boy one - a remark (Often offensive) made against someone who is not of a legally median age allowed by the law. Or expression used to excuse someone because he is either immature or still too young to know the difference.
- Issit/Izzit? - lazy/bastardised form of "is it?" Used in various contexts, to question in both positive and negative forms, or as a response in a rhetorical quizzical manner. Eg: You going home now issit? Eg: You not going home issit? Eg: Someone comments: "You look good today." Answer: "Issit??"
- Last time policemen wear shorts! - a retort made to someone who refers to how policies were made in the past. Or in response to something which is passe. Or to brush aside old references or nostalgia. Direct reference to the British colonial police forces who wore three-quarter khaki pants in the 1950s and 60's.
- Liddat oso can!? - (English - Like that also can?) In response to feats of achievement or actions which are almost impossible, or unexpected. Usually with tinge of awe, sarcasm or scepticism.
- My England not powderful! - (English - My English is not powerful (good)) Uncommon expression, used only to evoke humour. Literally means 'My English is not good'.
- no fish prawn oso can - accepting a lesser alternative (direct translation of the Hokkien idiom "bo hir hay mah hoh.")
- Not happy, talk outside! - Used as a challenge to a fight to settle an argument, by taking it outside. (Hokkien: Ow buay gong (settle it at the back/alley way))
- No horse run! - (Hokkien - Bo bei chow) Original Hokkien expression used in horse racing jargon to describe a champion horse which is way ahead of the field. Used to describe things (food usually) which are ahead of its peers.
- On lah!/On!/Set! - "It's on!"; expression used to voice enthusiastic agreement or confirmation (of an arranged meeting, event etc.)
- Relak lah! - (Malay-English for Relax) Expression used to ask someone to chill, cool it.
- ..then you know! - Expression used at the back of a sentence to emphasise consequence of not heeding advice. 'Tell you not to park double yellow line, kena summon then you know!'
- Why you so liddat ar? - (English - Why are you so "like that"?) 'an appeal made to someone who is being unreasonable.'
- You think, I thought, who confirm? - army expression used during organisational foul ups. Generally used as a response to "I thought..." when something goes wrong.
- You want 10 cent? - Means to "buzz off!" Refers to public phones that require 10 cents per call.
- Your grandfather's place/road ah?, Your father own this place/road? - Used to cut someone down to size in terms of their obnoxious boorish behaviour, behaving as if they owned the place.
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